Tổng hợp các thuật ngữ y khoa tiếng anh thông dụng nhất (phần 1)

Các bạn thân mến! Đối với những người làm việc trong lĩnh vực y tế thì chắc chắn phải nắm vững các thuật ngữ y khoa tiếng anh. Không chỉ là hiểu nghĩa tiếng việt, mà còn phải biết cách sử dụng nó đúng ngữ cảnh.

Trong bài viết này, Aroma xin chia sẻ một số thuật ngữ y khoa tiếng anh thông dụng nhất. Mỗi từ vựng kèm theo phiên âm, diễn giải tiếng anh, nghĩa tiếng việt và ví dụ đặt câu với từ vựng đó. Mời các bạn cùng tham khảo!

tieng anh chuyen nganh y

Thuật ngữ tiếng anh chuyên ngành y khoa

Thuật ngữ  Phiên âm Diển giải  Nghĩa Ví dụ
/æbˈnɔː.məl/ not normal for the human body Không bình thường, dị thường This amount of weight loss is abnormal for women your age.
/eɪk/ pain that won’t go away Đau nhức, nhức nhối I can’t sleep because my knees ache in the night.
/əˈkjuːt/ quick to become severe/bad Cấp tính We knew the baby was coming right away because the woman’s labour pains were acute.
allergy noun
allergic adj


a body’s abnormal reaction to certain foods or environmental substances (eg causes a rash) Dị ứng Your son is extremely allergicto peanuts.
/ˈæm.bjə.ləns/ emergency vehicle that rushes people to a hospital Xe cứu thương We called the ambulancewhen Josh stopped breathing.
 /æmˈniː.zi.ə/ a condition that causes people to lose their memory Chứng quên I can’t remember the accident because I had amnesia.
amputation noun
amputate verb


permanent removal of a limb Cắt bỏ We had to amputate his leg because the infection spread so quickly.
anaemia noun
anaemic adj
​ /əˈniː.mi.ə/


occurs when the body doesn’t have enough red blood cells Thiếu máu I have low energy because I am anaemic.
/ˌæn.ti.baɪˈɒt.ɪk/ medication that kills bacteria and cures infections Chất kháng sinh My throat infection went away after I started the antibiotics.
/ˌæn.ti.dɪˈpres.ənt/ medication that helps relieve anxiety and sadness Thuốc chống suy nhược The anti-depressants helped me get on with life after Lucy died.
/əˈpɔɪnt.mənt/ a scheduled meeting with a medical professional Lịch khám bệnh I’ve made you an appointment with a specialist in three week’s time.
/ɑːˈθraɪ.tɪs/ a disease that causes the joints to become swollen and crippled Chứng viêm khớp My grandmother can’t knit anymore because the arthritis in her hands is so bad.
asthma (attack)
/ˈæs.mə/ a condition that causes a blockage of the airway and makes it difficult for a person to breathe Bệnh hen suyễn I carry an inhaler when I run because I have asthma.
/bækˈtɪə.ri.ə/ a disease-causing organism Vi khuẩn To prevent the spread of bacteria it is important that nurses wash their hands often.
/ˈbed.sɔːr/ wounds that develop on a patient’s body from lying in one place for too long Chứng thối loét vì nằm liệt giường If you don’t get up and take a walk, you will develop painful bedsores.
/bɪˈnaɪn/ not harmful (not cancerous) Lành tính We’re hoping that the tests will show that the lump in your breast is benign.
/ˈbaɪ.ɒp.si/ removal of human tissue in order to conduct certain medical tests Sinh thiết The biopsy ruled out a number of illnesses.
blood count
/ˈblʌd ˌkaʊnt/ the amount of red and white blood cells a person has Sự đếm huyết cầu You will be happy to know that your blood count is almost back to normal.
blood donor
/ˈblʌd ˌdəʊ.nər/ a person who gives blood to a blood bank or other person Người hiến máu Blood donors have to answer questions about their medical history.
blood pressure
/ˈblʌd ˌpreʃ.ər/ the rate at which blood flows through the body (high/low) Huyết áp High blood pressure puts you at risk of having a heart attack.
/breɪs/ a device that holds injured body parts in place Vật nối định vị cơ thể You will probably always have to wear a brace on your ankle when you jog.
/ˈbrəʊ.kən/ a bone that is divided in two or more pieces as a result of an injury Bị gãy, vỡ We thought it was just a sprain, but it turned out his leg was broken.
bruise noun
bruised adj


injured body tissue that is visible underneath the skin Vết thâm tím The woman was badly bruised when she came into the emergency room.
Caesarean section, C-section
 /sɪˈzeə.ri.ən/ procedure that involves removing a baby from its mother through an incision in the woman’s lower abdomen Mổ đẻ The baby was so large that we had to perform a Caesarean section.
 /ˈkæn.sər/ disease caused by the uncontrollable growth of cells Bệnh ung thư There are many different options when it comes to treating cancer.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
      – restoring a person’s breath and circulation Hồi sức tim phổi You saved your brother’s life by performing CPR.
/kɑːst/ a hard bandage that is wrapped around a broken bone to keep it in place Băng bột My leg was in a cast for graduation.
chapel, chapeline


a place where loved ones can go to pray for a patient’s recovery;
a priest who visits patients in the hospital
Nhà cầu nguyện If you want a place to pray, the chapel is on the third floor.
/ˌkiː.məʊˈθer.ə.pi/ type of treatment used on cancer patients Hóa học trị liệu My mother has already had three rounds of chemotherapy.
/ˈtʃɪk.ɪn.pɒks/ a virus commonly contracted by children, characterized by itchy spots all over the body Bệnh thủy đậu It is best to get chickenpoxas a child so that you don’t get it worse as an adult.


(còn tiếp)

Trên đây là một số thuat ngu y khoa tieng anh được sử dụng phổ biến trong lĩnh vực y tế. Còn rất nhiều thuật ngữ thú vị nữa mà Aroma sẽ tiếp tục chia sẻ trong phần 2, các bạn nhớ theo dõi nhé!

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