Tổng hợp các thuật ngữ y khoa tiếng anh thông dụng nhất (phần 2)

Các từ vựng y khoa tiếng anh có vai trò vô cùng quan trọng đối với những người làm việc trong lĩnh vực y tế. Vì vậy, Aroma xin tiếp tục chia sẻ chủ đề này với rất nhiều từ vựng thú vị, và bổ ích trong phần 2. Mời các bạn cùng theo dõi!

tu vung tieng anh y khoa 2

 

Thuật ngữ Phiên âm Diễn giải Ý nghĩa Ví dụ
coroner
noun
/ˈkɒr.ə.nər/ a person who determines the cause of death after a person dies Nhân viên điều tra nguyên nhân bệnh nhân chết We only call the coroner if we think a death is suspicious.
critical condition
noun
requiring immediate and constant medical attention Tình trạng nguy kịch You can’t see her right now; she’s in critical condition.
crutches
noun
/krʌtʃ/ objects that people with injured legs or feet use to help them walk Cái nạng I’d rather hop on one foot than use crutches.
cyst
noun
/sɪst/ a sac in the body-tissue filled with fluid (sometimes diseased) U nang We’re going to remove the cysts just to be on the safe side.
deaf
adj
/def/ unable to hear Điếc The accident left the patient both deaf and blind.
deficiency
noun
/dɪˈfɪʃ.ən.si/ a lack of something necessary for one’s health Sự thiếu, thiếu hụt The tests show that you have an iron deficiency.
dehydrated
adj
/ˌdiː.haɪˈdreɪ.tɪd/ in need of water Khan It is easy for the elderly to become dehydrated in this heat.
dementia
noun
/dɪˈmen.ʃə/ loss of mental capacity Chứng mất trí nhớ It is hard to watch a loved one suffering with dementia.
diabetes
noun
/ˌdaɪ.əˈbiː.tiːz/ type of disease typically involving insulin deficiency Bệnh đái đường People with diabetes have to constantly check their blood sugar levels.
diagnosis
noun
/ˌdaɪ.əɡˈnəʊ.sɪs/ medical explanation of an illness or condition Sự chẩn đoán The doctor would prefer to share the diagnosis with the patient himself.
discomfort
noun
/dɪˈskʌm.fət/ experiencing pain Không thoải mái This pain medication should relieve some of your discomfort.
disease
noun
/dɪˈziːz/ a medical disorder that is harmful to a person’s health Căn bệnh I understand that this diseaseruns in your family.
dislocated
adj
/ˈdɪs.lə.keɪt/ when a bone is temporarily separated from its joint Bị dịch chuyển You will have to wear a sling because of your dislocatedshoulder.
emergency
noun
/ɪˈmɜː.dʒən.si/ a medical problem that needs immediate attention Tình trạng khẩn cấp It is important that children know which number to dial in case of an emergency.
ER (emergency room)
noun
the hospital room used for treating patients with immediate and life-threatening injuries Phòng cấp cứu The child was rushed into the ER after he had a severe allergic reaction to a bee sting.
external
adj
/ɪkˈstɜː.nəl/ on the outside Bên ngoài cơ thể This cream is for external use only. Do not get it near your ears, eyes, or mouth.
false negative
noun
adj
a test that incorrectly comes back negative Âm tính giả We had two false negativepregnancy tests, so we didn’t know we were having a baby.
family history
noun
medical background of a person’s family members Tiền sử bệnh trong gia đình The doctor was concerned about my family history of skin cancer.
fatal
adj
/ˈfeɪ.təl/ causing death Có bệnh The doctor made a fatal error when he wrote the wrong prescription.
fever noun
feverish adj
/ˈfiː.vər/

/ˈfiː.vər.ɪʃ/

higher than normal body temperature Cơn sốt He is very feverish, and his temperature is near danger point.
flu (influenza)
noun
 /ˌɪn.fluˈen.zə/ many types of respiratory or intestinal infections passed on through a virus Bệnh cúm People who have the flushould not visit hospital patients.
Fracture noun
fractured adj
/ˈfræk.tʃər/

 

broken or cracked bone Sự gãy xương Your wrist is fractured and needs a cast.
germ
noun
/dʒɜːm/ a micro-organism, especially one that causes disease Vi trùng, mầm bệnh Flowers are not allowed in the ward to avoid the risk of germs being brought in.
genetic
adj
/dʒəˈnet.ɪk/ a medical condition or physical feature that is passed on in the family Di truyền học The disease is part geneticand part environmental.
growth
noun
/ɡrəʊθ/ a ball of tissue that grows bigger than normal, either on or under the skin Phát triển That growth on your shoulder is starting to worry me.
heart attack
noun
/ˈhɑːt əˌtæk/ instance in which blood stops pumping through the heart Cơn đau tim People who smoke are at greater risk of having a heart attack.
HIV
noun
/ˌeɪtʃ.aɪˈviː/ the virus that infects the human T-cells and leads to AIDS Bệnh HIV HIV can be passed down from the mother to her fetus.
hives
noun
/hɑɪvz/ bumps that appear on the surface of the skin during an allergic reaction Chứng phát ban I broke out in hives after I ate that potato casserole.
illness noun
ill adj
/ˈɪl.nəs/ general term for any condition that makes a person feel sick for a certain period of time Bị bệnh (cảm cúm,..) Her illness went away when she started eating better.
immune system
noun
/ɪˈmjuːn ˌsɪs.təm/ the parts of the body that fight diseases, infections, and viruses Hệ thống miễn dịch You can’t have visitors because your immune system is low.
Immunization noun
immunize verb
/ɪˈmjuːn/ an injection that protects against a specific disease Sự tạo miễn dịch Babies are immunized three times in their first year.
incision
noun
/ɪnˈsɪʒ.ən/ cut in the body made during surgery Vết rạch I had to have stitches to close the incision.
inconclusive
adj
/ˌɪn.kəŋˈkluː.sɪv/ unclear Không đi đến kết luận We have to do more x-rays because the first ones were inconclusive.
infant
noun
/ˈɪn.fənt/ young baby Trẻ sơ sinh The nurse will demonstrate how to bathe an infant.
infection noun
infected adj
/ɪnˈfek.ʃən/

/ɪnˈfek.tɪd/

diseased area of the body (viral or bacterial) Sự nhiễm trùng The wound should be covered when you swim to prevent it from becoming infected.
inflamed
adj
/ɪnˈfleɪmd/ appearance (red and swollen) of an injured body part Viêm nhiễm My right ankle was so inflamed it was twice the size of my left one.
injury
noun
/ˈɪn.dʒər.i/ damage to the body Tổn hại đến cơ thể Her injuries were minor; just a few cuts and bruises.
intensive care unit (ICU)
noun
section of the hospital where patients get constant attention and doctors rely on specialized equipment Hồi sức cấp cứu She will remain in the ICU until she can breathe on her own.
internal
adj
/ɪnˈtɜː.nəl/ under the skin, inside the organs Bên trong cơ thể The doctors will be monitoring her for any internal bleeding.
itchy
adj
/ˈɪtʃ.i/ feeling discomfort on the skin’s surface Ngứa If you are allergic to this medication your skin will get red and itchy.
IV
noun
/ˌaɪˈviː/ a tube that pumps liquids and medication into a patient’s body Tiêm tĩnh mạch The toddler was so dehydrated that the doctor decided to get him on an IV.

     Từ vựng tieng anh chuyen nganh y thông dụng được giới thiệu ở trên, hy vọng là nguồn tài liệu tham khảo hữu ích dành cho những người học tập và làm việc trong lĩnh vực y tế. Chúc các bạn học tốt tiếng anh mỗi ngày!

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