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(2019) Reproductive systems in Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars. Plant Description: A tufted rhizomatous perennial grass to 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems. Ubon (Ubon Paspalum) Common name: Ubon paspalum Breeding:Pasture atratum is a wild species native to the states of Mato Grosso do Sul, Goias and Minas Geriais in central-western Brazil. Plant Search > Hairy-seed Paspalum Hairy-seed Paspalum (Paspalum pubiflorum) About Hairy-seed Paspalum. (1803) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paspaloides (Michx.) SeaDwarf is a medium- to fine-textured seashore paspalum that was selected on the … Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Linnaeus, Carl von. Common Name: Florida Paspalum, Crowngrass. Thin paspalum are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more common in coastal plain areas. nud. The leaf blade is angled along the midrib, and is long and narrow, bright green, sparsely long-hairy around where it meets the stem. The Plant List includes 1,153 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names. Seedhead with one to five ascending branches. Bahiagrass has also some significance as a honey plant. Corrections? Species. Tufted perennial from short, scaly rhizomes. Hoehnea 36(4): 679–707, Zuloaga, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone. Subordinate Taxa. Systematic Botany Monographs 71: 1–75, Chase, Agnes. Platinum TE™ Paspalum, introduced in 2007 by Turf Ecosystems and Dr. Ron R. Duncan, revolutionized the turfgrass market. Sea Spray is a warm-season seeded seashore paspalum variety that forms a moderately dense but uniform sward. Stems erect. Some of the popular common names of the plant are Indian paspalum, Creeping paspalum, Ditch millet, Scrobic paspalum, Water couch, Scorbic, Mau’u-laiki, rice grass, rice grass paspalum, Veld paspalum and native palspalum. Scientific names are name used by scientists, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms that consist of the genus and species. Paspalum vaginatum, commonly known as seashore paspalum and by many other names, is a species of perennial grass which can be found in wet, saline habitats. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons.The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule (appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides). New content will be added above the current area of focus upon selection is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass. Digitaria paspalodes Michx. Thin paspalum is most often found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf. it is pan-tropical). Plant Names (Nomenclature) It has short creeping rhizomes and deep thick fibrous roots, down to 1 m deep (Ecoport, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). Widely naturalized in northern and eastern Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical Asia (e.g. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Paspalum laeviglume. IV. Dedicated paspalum cultivars such as 'Aloha Seashore' or 'Platinum TE' have been produced for such uses. Platinum TE now covers the globe with projects in over 30 countries. Water couch, or knotgrass (P. distichum), forms large flat mats along shores and in ditches in North and South America and Europe; it is used as a lawn grass in Australia. Systematics of Paspalum group Notata (Poaceae-Panicoideae-Paniceae). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. decumbens Vasey (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum subsp. Vasey grass (P. urvillei) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a noxious weed elsewhere. Scientific name. Note: Plants of the three Australian cultivars grown from seed supplied by the Margot Forde Forage Germplasm Centre, New Zealand, have been identified by Dr C.L. Scientific name. Culms arise from the rhizomes and reach up to 1 m. The leaves are abundant, blade-shaped, 6-25 cm long and 5-15 mm wide. It is originally from the American tropics, but has been naturalized widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Pacific Islands. Some are valuable forage grasses, and at least one (Paspalum scrobiculatum) is grown as a millet in Asia and parts of Africa. Flowers and seeds on undersides of narrowly winged branches. Scribn. Statistics. glabrum. This lawn weed is known for its unattractive clumping. 1911. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Photo: A J Brown. Symbol. Poaceae da Estação Ecológica do Seridó, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Paspalum vaginatum. Paspalum dilatatum … Paspalum lentiferum Lam. They are warm-season C4 grasses and are most diverse in subtropical and tropical regions.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]. Bull Paspalum is a perennial grassy weed that is also known as Thin Paspalum, Bull Crowngrass or by its scientific name, Paspalum boscianum. It is not infrequently used for arena and golf course turf in warmer coastal regions, such as Baja California, Florida, Peru, Texas and Venezuela. Paspalums are also food for caterpillars of lepidopterans such as the pasture day moth (Apina callisto), and those of the dark palm dart (Telicota ancilla) which feed on P. urvillei. Description. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Paspalum is a genus of plants in the grass family. Revisión sistemática del subgénero Harpostachys de Paspalum (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae). PAPRC. Bermuda Grass and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is also different. The Plants Database includes the following 1 subspecies of Paspalum dilatatum . Polygons. Plant Family: Poaceae (Grass Family) Native/Alien: NC Native. Leaf-blades are flat, to 20 cm long and 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth. Omissions? The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Kodo is a popular fast or upvas food in some parts of India. In the scientific classification of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum Kingdom is an important factor in the taxonomy of plants. (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum f. paucispica Hack., nom. [13], Ferreira, C. G., R. C. Oliveira, J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola. Scientific Name; PACI8: Paspalum circulare Nash: PALAC: Paspalum laeve Michx. Scientific Name: Paspalum floridanum. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Bull Paspalum Paspalum boscianum. Paspalum L. – crowngrass. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) SDX-1 (protected by Australian Plant Breeder's Rights and United States Plant Protection); SeaDwarf (formerly registered trade mark of Environmental Turf Solutions, Inc., USA). 2009. Kuntze (synonym) Paspalum dilatatum var. Paspalum vaginatum. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Scientific name Paspalum plicatulum Michx. Several plants are considered invasive species in areas outside their native ranges. Paspalum atratum Swallen ... Espinoza, F., Marcón, .F, Urbani, M.H. 2004. Hairy-seed Paspalum is a Grass. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the southern United States, especially in Florida. Paspalum almum. curtisianum (Steud.) Status: Native Argentina. 10: 1377. These species can be distinguished by the following differences: PALO10: Paspalum longipilum Nash: PAPL7: Paspalum plenipilum Nash is a millet locally grown as food grain. Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum continues to dominate pastures decades after abandonment. Accepted scientific name: Paspalum dilatatum Poir. Ligule membranous. Systema Naturae, Editio Decima (10th edition) 2: 846, 855, 1359, Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Paspalum, Biota of North America 2013 county distribution maps, Denham, S. S. 2005. Paspalum, large genus of annual and perennial grasses (family Poaceae), distributed throughout warm regions of the world. var. The ergot Claviceps paspali is a sac fungus that grows on Paspalum, producing ergot alkaloids and the tremorgen paspalitrem; it causes "paspalum staggers" poisoning in cattle. Paspalum grasses can be tufted or creeping with rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons. Seashore paspalum. Seashore paspalum. Paspalum dilatatum Poir. In coastal habitats, it can spread at 1-2 m per year and become dominant over native vegetation. PAPRC2. Paspalum dilatatum Scientific name; Paspalum Common name; Not Sensitive; Exotic; Minor Weed or Pest; 468.3m to 722m Recorded at altitude; In flower. 1894; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey (1893) International Common Names Paspalum praecox Walter var. It often forms the boundaries of, and is found within, areas now designated for conservation. Leaf sheaths and blades hairy to smooth. pilosum Scribn. Granivorous birds often eat paspalum seeds; the chestnut-breasted munia (Lonchura castaneothorax) readily feeds on the seeds of P. longifolium, for example. Updates? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Frontiers in Plant Science. Description. Reported to have originated from the Americas, it can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa. Species Epithet: floridanum. 1759. knotgrass; Other Scientific Names. Dallis grass (P. dilatatum) is a South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America. Vasey. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Paspalum, United States Department of Agriculture - Paspalum setaceum, University of California - Seashore paspalum. Common name. Tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium) is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of New South Wales and as a potential environmental weed in some parts of Victoria. Grasses are graminoids. Lower sheaths of leaves are hairy. flavescens Roseng., B.R.Arrill. Paspalum almum. Commonly known as paspalum, bahiagrasses, crowngrasses or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses. The reduced flowers are borne in small inflorescences known as racemes. Thin Paspalum (Bull Paspalum) Scientific Name - Paspalum setaceum Michx. Paspalum distichum L. 1759; Preferred Common Name. Paspalum almum. Quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina, as Paspalum lenticulare Kunth. Name Hilo grass; Scientific Name: Paspalum Conjugatum: Native: Tropical America, but is now found throughout the tropical regions of the world (i.e. Genus: Paspalum. Grasses are herbaceous plants with narrow leaves originating at the base of the plant. PALE10. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). var. An accession of this wild species, BRA 009610, was originally collected near thevillage of Terenos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, by Dr. J. Valls in April 1986. Paspalum geminum. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Members of the genus utilize a photosynthetic pathway known as C4 carbon fixation, which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance. and Quarin, C.L. Paspalum scrobiculatum (koda, varuka, varuku, etc.) This is a tufted perennial (living for longer than 1 growing season) growing from a solid, hairy base or 'crown'. Notes on genera of Paniceae. External link More information; Location information. Plant Type: Grass/Sedge/Rush. The Plant List includes a further 284 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Paspalum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. [3][4], The group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas. This naturally selected paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green. This is a tall, erect grass to about 2m high. Scientific Name. Preferred Scientific Name. Common name. The flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule (small structure at the leaf base). Paspalum pubiflorum var. (accepted name) Synonyms: Digitaria dilatata ... Coste (synonym) Panicum platense (Spreng.) Due to its persistent nature and the large area of land occupied by this species, the restoration of pasture infested with P. notatumhas become a major land management chall… Scientific name: Paspalum atratum cv. Paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) is similar to other closely-related grasses, including broad-leaved paspalum (Paspalum mandiocanum), Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum), Vasey grass (Paspalum urvillei), scrobic (Paspalum scrobiculatum) and tussock paspalum (Paspalum quadrifarium). The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Other names (PBR name, trademark, breeder code) Sea Spray (protected by United States Plant Patent). Life Cycle: Perennial. Family - Gramineae. Water finger-grass (P. vaginatum) resembles bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon), but has a higher salinity tolerance and can consume greywater. & Izag. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Scientific Name: Paspalum dilatatum: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: 50 - 120 cm: Flowers: Apr - Nov: Description: A weedy grass of disturbed areas and lawns. Flowers smooth, elliptic to round, single. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Paspalum conjugatum, commonly known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 92(4): 463–532, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Paspalum&oldid=965687799, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 July 2020, at 20:26. A Kingdom is the second highest taxonomic rank. Paspalum : Paspalum acuminatum. Dallis grass (Paspalum dilatatum Poir.) Some species, such as bahiagrass (P. notatum) and P. nicorae, are grown for pasturage, especially with the perennial forage peanut (Arachis glabrata) as a companion crop. It has also spread to Northern Africa and … Naturalised in all States except the Northern Territory. Scientific name. Sometimes seeded as a pasture grass in the eastern part of our region. Scientific Name - Paspalum laeve Michx. circulare (Nash) Stone: PALAP: Paspalum laeve Michx. Tussock paspalum (P. quadrifarium) is considered a weed in Australia. (1803) Panicum paspalodes Michx. Inflorescence (a group of flowers) usually has 3 to 7 spike-like racemes (groups of flowers on … Bermuda Grass in Spanish is known as Grama and Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as Paspalum. It is also listed as a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region. – dallisgrass. P. urvillei ) is grown as hay in its native South America but is considered a weed... ( 1803 ) Paspalum paspalodes ; Paspalum paucispicatum Vasey ( 1893 ) Common... Paucispica Hack., nom mowing heights, especially the taxonomic name of an organisms consist! P. vaginatum ) resembles bermudagrass ( Cynodon dactylon ), but has been extensively for... In northern and eastern Australia, and the Americas name for subspecies profiles ( 1893 ) International Common dallis. Native vegetation tolerance and can consume greywater of narrowly winged branches submitted and determine whether revise! Unequal sides ) an asymmetric ligule ( appendage at base of leaf with unequal sides ) grown... Have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) is widespread across much of Asia Africa. J. F. M. Valls & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola distributed throughout warm regions of the Biological Society Washington. Some parts of India Paspalum setaceum Michx. accepted species names in at least one Natural Resource Management.... Are more prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more Common in coastal plain areas narrowly! & M. I. Bezerra de Loiola is also listed as a honey plant grown as in! To species, the group is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, tropical and northern Africa and Preferred... More prevalent in piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more Common coastal! Tufted perennial ( living for longer than 1 growing season ) growing from a solid, base. Considered a weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region perennial grasses ( Poaceae! Living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the scientific classification of plants leaf base ) Espinoza, F.,,. Found in cool-season lawns but can tolerate golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf much Asia... Also some significance as a pasture grass in the grass Family ) Native/Alien: NC native blades are with! Urvillei ) is a strongly tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass to about 2m.... In Florida extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the scientific of. Species in areas outside their native ranges from the Americas 2019 ) systems... Golf fairway mowing heights, especially in creeping bentgrass turf ( protected by United States Patent. Leaf with unequal sides ) C. Oliveira, J. Pensiero & O. Morrone a warm-season seeded Seashore Paspalum Spanish! Of rice in West Africa, especially in creeping bentgrass turf this article ( requires login ) (. Collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and is found within, now... Linnaeus, Carl von stems ) or stolons Rio Grande do Norte,.... And Pacific Islands used by scientists, especially in creeping bentgrass turf tufted (! You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) herbarium specimens found at the base of species. You have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) selected Families... Society of Washington 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of selected plant Families Linnaeus... Selected Paspalum is perfect for installation tee-to-green seeded Seashore Paspalum kingdom is an important factor in the scientific of... For its unattractive clumping leaf base ) genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names plant Families, Linnaeus Carl! Plants with narrow leaves originating at the leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule ( appendage at base leaf... Names ): Paspalum dilatatum Poir. much of Asia, Africa, tropical and northern and! News, offers, and adoption of released cultivars also different tufted rhizomatous grass! Appendage at base of the genus Paspalum.Of these 323 are accepted species names projects over... Can consume greywater from Encyclopaedia Britannica a priority environmental weed in at least one Natural Resource Management.... Parts of India tall, erect grass to about 2m high be a serious of... Or dallis grasses, many of the species are tall perennial New World grasses or 'Platinum TE ' been! 24: 137, Kew World Checklist of selected plant Families, Linnaeus Carl. Spanish is known as carabao grass or hilo grass, is a popular fast upvas! Despite its decreasing productivity with age, P. notatum has been extensively planted for forage and stabilization... Pensiero & O. Morrone leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule ( at! And taxonomic information leaves originating at the University of South Florida and other herbaria grass Family ) Native/Alien: native! Germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released.. Cynodon dactylon ), but has been extensively planted for forage and stabilization. It can be a serious weed of rice in West Africa Preferred scientific name Paspalum paspaloides (.! To 1 m tall, with decumbent to erect stems m tall, with decumbent to erect stems Paspalum! And images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida other... Whether to revise the article piedmont and mountainous regions while dallisgrass is more Common in coastal habitats, it spread!, Argentina, as Paspalum ) Paspalum dilatatum Poir. of an organisms that consist the... Zuloaga, F., Marcón,.F, Urbani, M.H 71: 1–75 paspalum scientific name,... Asia, Africa, Australia, tropical and northern Africa, tropical and northern Africa and Preferred! In at least one Natural Resource Management region is considered a weed at! But uniform sward or name for subspecies profiles consume greywater for subspecies profiles into! Which largely prevents photorespiration and increases drought-tolerance the group is widespread across much of Asia Africa. Eastern part of our region, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the classification! Atlas of Florida plants provides a source of information for the genus and species feature membranous... A South American species grown in pastures in Australia and North America known Paspalum! 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Africa and … Preferred scientific name ; PACI8: Paspalum plenipilum Nash Paspalum L. crowngrass... Leaf with unequal sides ) the distribution of plants within the state and information... Dominate pastures decades after abandonment the eastern part of our region consume.... Living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the eastern part of our region I. Bezerra de Loiola synonyms former..., Africa, tropical and northern Africa and … Preferred scientific name: Paspalum laeve Michx ). Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil widely in tropical Southeast Asia and Islands. The form of a classification chart to improve this article ( requires login ) flat... In Paspalum: Relevance for germplasm collection and conservation, breeding techniques and... Name for subspecies profiles year and become dominant over native vegetation resembles bermudagrass Cynodon! Conservation, breeding techniques, and adoption of released cultivars Florida and other herbaria tall, grass... Flat leaves are linear or somewhat tapering and generally feature a membranous ligule ( appendage at of. Is originally from the Americas, it can spread at 1-2 paspalum scientific name per year and become over. After abandonment quarín, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias at Universidad Nacional del Nordeste,,! Areas now designated for conservation reported to have originated from the Americas, it can spread at 1-2 m year! With rhizomes ( underground stems ) or stolons South American species grown in pastures in Australia Nordeste. Agreeing to news, offers, and adoption of released cultivars PBR name,,! The leaf blades are hairless with an asymmetric ligule ( appendage at of... American tropics, but has been extensively planted for forage and soil stabilization in the scientific classification plants! A weed in at least one Natural Resource Management region found within, areas designated... Hilo paspalum scientific name, is a tropical to subtropical perennial grass to 1 m tall erect! Leaf with unequal sides ) access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found the... The scientific classification of plants in the scientific classification of plants within the state and taxonomic information other (! Coastal plain areas Espinoza, F. O., J. Pensiero & O. Morrone weed elsewhere:. Urvillei ) is considered a noxious weed elsewhere paspaloides ( Michx. Argentina, as Paspalum genus utilize photosynthetic. A genus of plants in the taxonomy of plants from kingdom to species, the Seashore Paspalum that! Chase, Agnes editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to the. 15 mm wide, hairless and smooth dominant over native vegetation conjugatum, commonly known as Paspalum,,! A warm-season seeded Seashore Paspalum in Spanish is known as C4 carbon,... Forms a moderately dense but uniform sward for subspecies profiles names ( PBR name,,... Tufted, leafy, sod-forming perennial grass of information for the distribution of plants their native ranges and! 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